To focus on one of our key concepts from this unit of inquiry 'change' we did a food experiment using cream. We knew we were going to shake the cream and our predictions were that it would change to yoghurt, butter, ice cream, cheese and milk. We also thought it would go runny, hard or fluffy. The first time we tried, it went very runny and it was like milk. This was not what was supposed to happen! The next day we tried again with different cream which had a higher fat content and it worked. The cream changed to butter, which was a golden yellow colour with a thick smooth texture.
To taste our delicious home made butter we made sandwiches with the choice of putting jam in the sandwich too. After making and enjoying the sandwiches we did some procedural writing to explain the steps.
Mikhail showed us the label from some Mandarin oranges. They were from Korea and he said they come on planes from Korea to Singapore. Ella commented that this journey would take about 8 hours.
Keshav talked about the red apples he eats and milk he drinks for his snack at home. The apples come from China and the milk is from Australia. We thought both these items would also come by plane to Singapore.
Zahin showed us rice seeds. He explained that you plant the seeds, the rice grows and then you get the rice from the plant. Zahin said you can't eat this rice, first you must cook it. This video shows more about the process rice goes through to get to our plates.
Swini talked to us about a special sweet dish she made with her mum. She said she eats it sometimes for a treat. It is called Carrot Halva. First you grate the carrots, then fry them in a little oil. Next add milk and stir it until it is dry. Next add some sugar and mix it again. Then take it off the flame.
Ms Shradha brought in sugar cane and let us try a taste. We watched a video about how sugar is made and then tried some jaggery (Gur) that she brought in. Most of us liked the jaggery, but not the sugar cane!
Amanda had a packet of biscuits from China for her snack. She showed us the wrapper and explained the taste was sweet and crunchy. We read the ingredients that were used to make the biscuits and found China on the world map. Amanda's grandma bought the biscuits in China and brought them in her luggage to Singapore.
Ella shared with us the process eggs go through to get to us. Farmers feed the chickens, after the hen has laid the eggs the farmer collects them, washes them and checks if they are good. Then they are packed into boxes. Ella showed an egg box which had eggs from Singapore. We had questions about how eggs are packed into boxes so will do some further research about eggs and hens next week.
Rania brought a brown rice packet. She said brown rice is more healthy than white rice. The rice she had came from Thailand. We discussed how to make rice edible by cooking it. Some of us use a rice cooker, others boil it in a pot of water on the stove. Rania said she likes to eat rice with vegetables.
John brought in a candy from England. We thought it was from England because the wrapper had the union jack flag on it. John said it was a caramel flavour. We discussed what ingredients could have been used to make it and thought it had sugar and possibly butter in it.
Omer brought in a cocoa crunch cereal box. He said the cereal is made in Malaysia and his Aunty buys it in the supermarket here in Singapore. We thought it would probably get to Singapore by truck as it isn't too far away.
As part of our number work in Maths we have begun some work using money. We spent some time sorting coins and made many discoveries about different currencies. John mentioned 'heads and tails' so we learned how to identify the 'head' and 'tail' side of the coin. Some of us remembered this from a previous math game in the class. Then we took a closer look at Singaporean money and discovered there are 3 different coins for the 5c and 10c and 2 different coins for the 20c, 50c and $1. We had a look at some one cent coins which you can still spend in the shops - they they are not made any more. Next we spent some time labelling items for our class shop and attached price tags to pretend food. Then we used coins to play shopping games and had a lot of fun at the same time.
This week we began our new unit 'How We Organise Ourselves' with the central idea 'Food goes on a journey to get to our plates'. For a provocation we took a trip out to the Hay Dairy goat farm. During the trip we saw the goats being milked, learned some interesting facts about goats and had the opportunity to feed them Alfalfa grass. We are interested to find out more about where other foods and drinks come from and the processes that they go through before we enjoy eating and drinking them.
Amanda brought in a book which had two stories inside. The first one was about Mooncake and Lantern festival which Amanda always celebrates with her grandmother. They eat different flavours of mooncakes. We had a discussion about mooncakes being eaten especially for mooncake festival, but that people also eat them at other times too. The second story was about Deepavali which Amanda remembered celebrating at school a few weeks ago.
Omer shared a video of his family celebrations at Hanukah. He helped to light one of the 8 candles on the menorah. We were wondering why there are 8 candles and why Hanukah is celebrated. Then we watched a second video from Omer which explained the story of an oil lamp miraculously lasting for 8 days when there was only enough oil for one. So Hanukah is celebrated for 8 days and each day another candle is lit.
Zahin showed use phots of Hari Raya when he celebrated in Malaysia with his family. He said they wear special clothes, go to the mosque and eat special foods including cookies with family. Hari Raya is celebrated at the end of the month of fasting (Ramadan).
Guangyuan shared about Chinese New Year which he celebrates with this family. They have fireworks and a reunion meal with family. We looked at some photos Guangyuan had brought in, including a lion dance. We discussed the wearing of red to scare away Nian and to bring good luck.
Gaku shared about a bean throwing festival on the last day of winter in Japan called Setsubun. People throw beans to get rid of evil and welcome good. You must also eat the same number of beans as your age.
Mrs Hayward brought a nativity scene to tell us the Christmas story - the reason for celebrating the Christian festival, Christmas.
Jiwoo, Ella and Siu's mum's came in for a lesson to show us the game Yut Nori, a traditional game played with sticks in Korea. Players move their counters round the playing board according to how many sticks land upside down after the are thrown up. Another turn is awarded if all 4 sticks land the same way.
Sophia told us about the mooncake festival which she celebrates. This is a Chinese festival. She showed us mooncakes and said they represent the full moon which is why people eat them. Sophia also showed a lantern that is used for decoration because it looks like the full moon. We wanted to know more about the beliefs and reasons for celebrating so did some research and found a story about mid-autumn festival online.
Keshav talked about Pongal which is a Hindu celebration that he wears traditional clothes for. He said there are similarities with Christmas because you get a present, but it is different because your parents give the presents not Santa. We wanted to know why Pongal is celebrated so found a story about the roots of the festival coming from a harvest celebration.
Mikhail told us about birthday celebrations in his family. They always have a cake, play games and sometimes have a treasure hunt. He said celebrating with everyone in the family is important.
Swini shared in more detail about her Deepavali celebrations when she was in India. She showed photos of traditional clothes, the rangoli her mum made and all the fireworks.
Siu presented photos on a slideshow about a special celebration in Korea for a baby's first birthday. The celebration is called Doljanchi. The baby wears traditional clothes called Hanbok. Ella and Jiwoo talked about the tradition of getting the baby to reach for a present and this predicts what job they might do in the future.
Jiwoo told us about Korean New Year. People wear Hanbok and eat special rice cake soup. She showed us a video of herself doing a traditional Korean bow which all the children do to show respect to their elders. Jiwoo told us some traditional Korean games which people play at Korean New Year, we hope try out Yut Nori (a game with 4 sticks) next week.
Sota told us about children's day in Japan which is celebrated on 5th May. He showed us a picture of the special armour helmet that boys are presented with. Each year they add decorations to it. It is believed this brings safety for the boys. Carp kites are flown too, these represent the strength of a carp swimming upstream and are believed to bring success for the boys.
Ella also spoke about Korean New Year and that this is the day when children celebrate their birthday and turn a year older. Ella taught us a dance that people do on this day. We had fun learning it.
For our field trip to different places of worship we began at St Andrews Cathedral where we had small guided tours and a talk about Christianity, the main Christian beliefs and some information about the building and objects in the building. We had a sticker booklet treasure hunt to complete.
Next we went to the mosque for a guided tour and learned about the directions Muslims pray (towards Mecca in Saudi Arabia). They pray 5 times a day and we had a look at the clocks which show the times. Before the prayer hall there was a place to wash your face, hands and feet before praying. Inside the prayer hall there were rows of carpets for people to pray.
Next door to the mosque is a Hindu temple which we walked around and looked at the different statues of the gods. There was a ritual being performed by one of the religious leaders with musical accompaniment which we watched.
A little further on down the road we went to a Buddhist Temple. Again we walked around the temple and noticed many lanterns hanging from the ceiling. There were people meditating at different parts of the temple. We were not allowed to take photographs inside. At lunch time we went to the basement of the temple for our vegetarian lunch. Some of us were risk-takers and tried new foods.
nTo conclude the trip we went to Fort Canning Park and had a game of capture the flag - in the end it was a draw between the two classes!